The Mosul Dam Crisis Symposium

On April 20, Peace Ambassadors for Iraq (PAFI), in partnership with Centro Studi Americani will host an international symposium in Rome to convene experts the Mosul Dam Crisis.

The Mosul Dam, constructed in 1984 on the Tigris River just 60 kilometers (37 miles) north of Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city, is in a state of crisis. 

“….in terms of internal erosion potential of the foundation, Mosul Dam is the most dangerous dam in the world… If a small problem [at] Mosul Dam occurs, failure is likely.”

 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, September 2006

Mosul_Dam_hydro_power_plantBeing the fourth largest dam in the Middle East, the Mosul Dam obstructs about 11 billion cubic meters (388+ billion cubic feet) of water from rushing down the Tigris River towards Mosul, and ultimately 638 kilometers (396 miles) south to Baghdad.  According to structural surveys from the US Army Corps of Engineers and the Union of Iraqi Scholars, the dam is threatening imminent collapse, which would affect the lives of millions of Iraqis living downstream of the dam – ultimately killing anywhere between 500,000 to 1.47 million people.

 With nearby strategic assets necessary for the dam’s reconstruction in the control of ISIS – in addition to an overwhelmingly-high required financial investment – the path to remedying the crisis will be fraught with multiple obstacles as the situation continues to grow more dire each day.

On April 19 and 20, PAFI (Peace Ambassadors for Iraq), in partnership with the Iraqi Forum for Intellectuals and Academics , the Centro Studi Americani and Lulea University of Technology’s Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, will be conducting a collaborative symposium that invites the minds best suited for providing solutions to the Mosul Dam crisis.

 The symposium will lay host to esteemed international engineers and Iraqi scholars who will discuss the most prevailing issues for best mitigating the situation, thus avoiding the largest possible catastrophe in the Middle East and providing a stronger foundation for peace in the region.




Key Resources:

Media References and Reports

Mosul Dam Crisis : Fact Sheet




Hydro-politics of the Tigris and Euphrates River Basin

-Dr. Nadhir Al-Ansari (14 Mar 2016)

-” The Middle East is characterized by its water shortage problem where at least 12 countries have acute water scarcity problems with less than 500 cubic meters of renewable water resources per capita available.The supply of fresh water is essential to life, socioeconomic development, and political stability in this region.”

Geological and Engeneering Investigations of the Most Dangerous Dam in the World

– Dr. Nadhir Al-Ansari (29 Nov 2016)

-“Extraordinary engineering measures” to fill soil gaps and “maintain structural integrity and operating capability of the  dam” are a must, according to the US Army Corps of Engineers.”


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